Diamonds are known to be one of the most valued and popular precious gemstones out there. They have been surviving the test of time for centuries now and have always emerged victorious which is evident through their extensive use in jewelry. Since diamonds are mostly found in nature under layers of our planet’s crust, there are often instances wherein people come across unusual and unique diamond jewelry. One such peculiarity is the size and carat weight of such discoveries wherein many incidents have recorded the discovery of the largest diamonds that are much larger than the usual findings. An excellent example of this is The Cullinan Diamond which is the largest diamond in the world. Being the largest diamond ever sure is a huge responsibility that The Cullinan, the largest Diamond very rightfully upholds with its title of being the “Star of Africa”, where it was found. Discovery of The Cullinan The Largest Diamond With a carat weight as enormous as 3,106 for a weight of 1.3 pounds, The Cullinan, largest diamond was originally discovered 18 feet deep into the ground on January 25, 1905, by Thomas Evan Powell in the Premier Mine in Pretoria, South Africa during a customary inspection of the main. He handed the massive gemstone to Frederick Wells, the supervisor of the mine since Powell was simply an employee. Wells was then further on responsible for collecting better knowledge of the stone and decide on what can be done with it. What began as an inspection of a speck of light which felt compelling enough to be checked out but was still expected to be only a piece of glass reflecting the sun’s rays, turned out to be an important discovery in the pages of history. Frederick Wells had soon realized that he had come across an extraordinarily largest diamond crystal which was only confirmed after extensive rounds of testing and screening and then was later declared the stone as the largest diamond of gem quality the world had ever come across. Although the discovery was primarily made by Powell and Wells, the owner of the Premier mine was a man named Thomas Cullinan and he happened to be present for the festivities that took place even though he was absent from the scene and incident of discovery. Named after him, The Cullinan Diamond weighed 1.33 pounds at the time of its discovery and is still known as the largest rough diamond ever to be found in our crust. As soon as the largest diamond was discovered, it took over the media with its reputation of being a diamond so large as a first-ever. The media was interested also because of the intriguing fact that the Premier mine where the diamond was found was not that large in size or area. It was not even a part of the top ten largest diamond mines around the world and yet it gave birth to an object much larger in significance than the mine ever was. The diamond, thus, became a gem known to the world and an international sensation. Analysis of the diamond did not pause even after its discovery became a widely discussed topic around the world. It is through these continuous examinations of the stone, which were done by Sir William Crookes, we were able to conclude that the diamond was part of a much bigger stone that it had broken apart from due to natural forces at some point in time and that The Cullinan was less than half of the entire diamond. Evidence pointing to this conclusion was many. There was a black spot in the middle of the stone even though it had exceptional clarity. Although such black spots are not unusual in custom diamonds, the existence of this one meant that there was a sign of internal strain because of the incredibly vivid colors around the spot. Moreover, one side of the diamond was evenly smooth which further confirmed that the diamond was part of a bigger stone. Also Read: Perfectly Imperfect Natural Rustic Diamond Necklace History of The Cullinan Right after its discovery, the diamond was documented in the form of a photograph in which Sir Thomas Cullinan is seen seated beside The Cullinan Diamond. The remarkable diamond was then insured for R17 million before being discreetly and meticulously transported to England. Once the Anglo-Boer War ended, The Cullinan was sold to the Transvaal provincial government for R2.4 million, and then it was gifted to King Edward VII of the United Kingdom on his 66th birthday in 1907 as a symbol of goodwill. Then the diamond fell in the hands of I.J. Asscher and Co who then divided the diamond into several large stones which were done after months of careful speculation by Asscher. The Cullinan was, thus, segregated into nine major diamonds, ninety-six smaller stones, and around 19.5 carats of unpolished diamonds. Two of the largest in the set were the Cullinan I and Cullinan II which weighed 1977 carats and 1040 carats respectively in the rough. These two largest diamonds were then given to King Edward VII, of which the Cullinan I (530.20 carats) once polished, was the largest diamond stone of the nine diamonds and the Cullinan II (317.40 carats) was the second-largest. The Cullinan I is as of today referred to as ‘the Star of Africa’ and The Cullinan II is known as ‘the Lesser Star of Africa’. Both these stones are on display at the moment in the Tower of London as part of the Crown Jewels. Another part of The Cullinan, the Cullinan III was used as an embellishment on top of the Queen Mary’s Crown. It weighed 94.40 carats and was shaped in the form of a pear. Now The Cullinan IV, which is cushion-shaped and weighs around 63.60 carats, can be seen on Queen Elizabeth II in the form of a pendant brooch. The Cullinan V, weighing 18.80 carats and triangular-pear shaped, was first worn by Queen Mary as a brooch. However, later on, it was used as a substitute for Koh-i-Noor in the circlet of the Queen’s crown. In 1937, Koh-i-Noor was used in the new crown for Queen Elizabeth and now it can be seen in the form of a brooch on Queen Elizabeth II. Travel Arrangements for The Cullinan Largest Diamond To transport The Cullina, the largest diamond from one place to another was a major task on its own since it was an extremely rare and valuable discovery and there were endless possibilities of the diamond experiencing a thieving incident. Hence, a ploy was devised wherein The Cullinan, the largest Diamond could be safely transported from South Africa to London. A diversion was created to minimize the risk as much as possible. This was done by loading a fake stone onto a steamer ship which was guarded by many detectives to create the illusion that it was The Cullinan that was being protected by these detectives. Not only would potential thieves be convinced that The Cullinan was being transported in that steamer because of the presence of such heavy security, but they would also think twice before attempting to steal it. The real diamond was brought to England in a sealed and simple box through cargo with no guards or detectives surrounding it, hence letting no one get an idea that a stone as precious as The Cullinan could be so simply and unassumingly transported. How was The Cullinan Cut? Once the king received the largest diamond, it was handed to one of the most experienced and reputed largest diamond cutters in the world, Joseph Asscher, who lived and worked in Amsterdam. Even though he was one of the best in his field, cutting The Cullinan was never an easy task even for an expert like him. Because of the complexity and significance of the largest diamond, Asscher first spent six months examining and studying the features and aspects of the diamond, and only then did he make the first move of cutting. When the day came for Asshcher’s first attempt, the blade he used to cut the diamond broke. However, the second time around he got it right and was able to cut the diamond as planned. Once the diamond was cut into its first fragment, the task got easier, and then Asscher was able to cut the diamond in perfect proportions that we see the pieces of the diamond in now. Also Read: Modern Diamond Affection Of Bridal Jewelry Look Book Conclusion Thoughts Many believe that The Cullinan is the overall largest diamond in the world and while that was once true, The Cullinan no longer rightfully holds the title. Although it still is the largest uncut diamond to ever exist, it is no longer the largest in the world of polished stones. This title of distinction is now in the possession of The Golden Jubilee Diamond which was discovered in 1985 and is a 546-carat diamond.