Well, today’s article is something really different and that is about sapphire stones. We would like you to stick with us till the end of this article and after that, if you feel you are dissatisfied, well then there is a comments box in the end, but we are sure you will not have to use that. What is a sapphire? Sapphire is a type of precious gemstone that is generally a form of corundum, it has the presence of aluminium oxide with other metals such as titanium, magnesium and iron. Mostly it is blue in colour but sometimes there is a rare sapphire that has different colours such as yellow, green and sometimes purple. There are other corundum minerals knows as rubies it is generally red and pink in colour. Sapphires are commonly used in jewellery other fashion accessories. Sapphires are the third hardest naturally occurring substance and it is very difficult to tell the difference between a sapphire and a blue diamond. Due to its high durability sapphires are even used in infrared devices and even in making strong windows. What is a Sapphire made out of? Sapphires like any other mineral take millions of years to be formed under very specific conditions, because of its rarity and the colours it offers today sapphire is one of the most sought after stone for jewellery maker or collectors. The sapphire stone is made of mineral corundum which also known as an Aluminium oxide in scientific terms it also has the presence of elements such as magnesium, chromium and titanium. After centuries of hard work, human beings have found out where the deposits of sapphire are present on the planet and some of them are found in Cambodia, India (Kashmir), Myanmar etc. The location of the stone also contributes to its quality and formation. History of Sapphires The word sapphire is derived from the Greek word ‘sapphires’ and the Latin word ‘sapphires’ both words mean the same thing that is ‘blue’. Sapphire is also considered to be related to September. In history, the presence of Sapphire can be seen from the time of Moses. In the Bible, there is the mention of Sapphire and it is mentioned that the ten commandments from the gods were made of sapphire and it was so strong that nothing can break it. In ancient Persia, the sultans believed that sapphire causes the sky to be blue in colour. In ancient Indian cultures and Buddhism sapphire is considered to be holy and precious. Throughout the world the royal families have always been in awe of sapphire from the ancient time to modern times we saw that recently Prince William proposed to Kate Middleton with blue sapphire engagement ring which once belonged to his mother. Difference between a Sapphire and a Blue Diamond? People often get confused between a blue sapphire and a blue diamond well it is natural because the two look very similar to each other in the looks of it. So there are some key differences to keep in mind while buying either of them. The sapphire stone is denser than the blue diamond so even if the weight of both of them are same the sapphire would be smaller than the diamond. The sapphire needs to be polished as it gets scratches and irregularities appear on it whereas the diamond is the hardest naturally occurring substance it doesn’t generally get scratched easily. Also Read: Alluring Amethyst Jewelry Trend Surrounded With Diamond There are a lot of sapphire stones available and plenty of mines whereas the blue diamond is becoming rarer and rarer we can see that as the prices are constantly increasing. Different types of sapphires Blue sapphire Blue sapphire is the most famous sapphire. Commonly used in engagement rings, neckpieces etc. Pink sapphire- Pink sapphire is generally available from light pink to dense pink, usually the denser the colour gets the higher its value is. Padparadscha Sapphires Padparadscha Sapphire is a pink and orange coloured gemstone found mainly in Sri Lanka and Vietnam. It has gained popularity in recent years. Star sapphire Star sapphire is a very unique kind of sapphire which reflects light in a way that it makes a star-like image on its surface. Star of India is one of the most famous star sapphires. The 4C’s of Sapphires: There are four C’s of Sapphire 1. Colour- Colour is the most important aspect of sapphire because the denser the colour more the price. The colour is what attracts us towards the diamond. If the colour doesn’t look good it won’t attract buyers. 2. Clarity- Today it is next to impossible to find a perfect sapphire naturally or without any imperfections. So to make it perfect they are treated artificially to improve the clarity because the stone is dirty or imperfect it can’t be sold. 3. Cut- unlike diamonds, sapphires do not have any standard cut, so the gem cutter has to make sure that the cut brings out the brilliance, colour and the clarity of the sapphire in the best possible way. 4. Carat- Gemstones differ from one and another in almost every aspect hence they differ in their density as well, sapphires are generally very dense so a small sapphire and a big diamond can weigh the same. So the diameter of sapphire is calculated in millimetre. Generally, 6mm is the diameter of a 1carat sapphire. Prices of sapphire Prices of sapphire may differ from place to place but generally, 1 carat of sapphire may be priced from 400 U.S dollars to 1000 U.S dollars. It depends on the quality of the stone. Four C’s play a huge role in determining the value of the stone. The sapphires mined from Kashmir are generally placed at a higher value than the other as it is very difficult to mine those in the first place because it is present in the Himalayan ranges. Plus sapphires from Kashmir have a unique quality they are often known as ‘Blue Velvet’. How Do I Tell if a sapphire is real? Well there are different ways to check it such as Fog test- create a fog on the surface of gem using your breath and count how long it would take for the fog to completely vanish from the surface, generally, it should not take more than 2 seconds if it is a real sapphire. Flaws and Inclusions- You would require a magnifying glass for this and you will have to carefully look at the stone and in some dirt or flaws in the stone, because natural sapphires have some dirt or other particles in them, whereas the artificial one will not have any. Scratch test- If you have one real and one fake stone and you do not know which one is which then just simply use both of them to scratch on each other’s surface the real one will definitely scratch the surface of the fake one whereas the fake one can’t scratch the surface of the real one. Get it examined by an expert- Well gemologists usually check the authenticity of a gemstone so we suggest that you should go to them and get your stone checked out and get a certificate of authenticity from them. Facts about Sapphire 1. Sapphires have been associated with royalty, loyalty and a sign of prosperity hence ruling class throughout history has been fond of sapphire. 2. In Persia people used to believe that sky is blue because of the light reflected by a sapphire. 3. Sapphires are traditionally given on the 5th or 45th marriage anniversary. 4. Because sapphires are so durable and hard now industries throughout the world are using it like apple has been researching on sapphires to make their screens stronger. 5. In ancient times people believed sapphire represented heaven, can cure eye diseases and can give heavenly blessings. Also Read: Forever Brilliant Cluster Settings Diamond Engagement Ring Conclusion Thoughts We hope that this article helped you and proved to be educational if you feel otherwise you can write to us. If you want more such articles then do follow us on GuthixTricks- Facebook, and Pinterest.